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孙子兵法英汉对照 九地第十一 XI. The Nine Situations 擒贼擒王 亨利·明茨伯格 About In-House Training 三十六计


孙子兵法 The Art of War

孙武 By Sun Tzu

Translated by Lionel Giles



1. Sun Tzu said: There are five ways of attacking with fire. The first is to burn soldiers in their camp; the second is to burn stores; the third is to burn baggage trains; the fourth is to burn arsenals and magazines; the fifth is to hurl dropping fire amongst the enemy.

2. In order to carry out an attack, we must have means available. The material for raising fire should always be kept in readiness.

3. There is a proper season for making attacks with fire, and special days for starting a conflagration.

4. The proper season is when the weather is very dry; the special days are those when the moon is in the constellations of the Sieve, the Wall, the Wing

or the Cross-bar; for these four are all days of rising wind.

凡火攻,必因五火之变而应之。火发於内,则早应之於外。火发而其 兵静者,待而勿攻。极其火力,可从而从之,不可从而止。火可发於 外,无待於内,以时发之。火发上风,无攻下风。昼风久,夜风止。 凡军必知有五火之变,以数守之。

5. In attacking with fire, one should be prepared to meet five possible developments:

6. (1) When fire breaks out inside to enemy's camp, respond at once with an attack from without.

7. (2) If there is an outbreak of fire, but the enemy's soldiers remain quiet, bide your time and do not attack.

8. (3) When the force of the flames has reached its height, follow it up with an attack, if that is practicable;  if not, stay where you are.

9. (4) If it is possible to make an assault with fire from without, do not wait for it to break out within, but deliver your attack at a favourable moment.

10. (5) When you start a fire, be to windward of it. Do not attack from the leeward.

11. A wind that rises in the daytime lasts long, but a night breeze soon falls.

12. In every army, the five developments connected with fire must be known, the movements of the stars calculated, and a watch kept for the proper days.


13. Hence those who use fire as an aid to the attack show intelligence; those who use water as an aid to the attack gain an accession of strength.

14. By means of water, an enemy may be intercepted, but not robbed of all his belongings.

夫战胜攻取,而不修其功者凶,命曰“费留"。故曰:明主虑之,良 将修之。非利不动,非得不用,非危不战。主不可以怒而兴师,将不 可以愠而致战。合於利而动,不合於利而止。怒可以复喜,愠可以复 悦,亡国不可以复存,死者不可以复生。故明君慎之,良将警之。此 安国全军之道也。

15. Unhappy is the fate of one who tries to win his battles and succeed in his attacks without cultivating the spirit of enterprise; for the result is waste of time and general stagnation.

16. Hence the saying: The enlightened ruler lays his plans well ahead; the good general cultivates his resources.

17. Move not unless you see an advantage; use not your troops unless there is something to be gained; fight not unless the position is critical.

18. No ruler should put troops into the field merely to gratify his own spleen; no general should fight a battle simply out of pique.

19. If it is to your advantage, make a forward move; if not, stay where you are.

20. Anger may in time change to gladness; vexation may be succeeded by content.

21. But a kingdom that has once been destroyed can never come again into being; nor can the dead ever be brought back to life.

22. Hence the enlightened ruler is heedful, and the good general full of caution. This is the way to keep a country at peace and an army intact.
孙子兵法英汉对照 用间篇第十三 XIII. THE USE OF SPIES 三十六计与人力资源管理 管理咨询 Herbert Zhang Zhi Yong 口才